A Brief Introduction to Chinese Buddhist Temples

A classic Chinese Buddhist temple is typically a building complex consisted of several courtyards as shown in the illustration below. Entrance The first is the entrance building, known as Mountain Gate (山门), with a square in front and three gates that represent the doors to freedom from three constraints. The three constraints are generated by our obsessions with a temporary […]

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24 Chinese Solar Terms in Season

Traditionally, the pace of Chinese people’s life was rhythemed by the 24 Solar Terms, which divide each lunar month into 2 segments based on the sun’s movement. Chinese farmers schedule their farming work according to these seasonal turning points. It is a great invention that has ensured people in China are adequately fed and Chinese civilisation is able to continue and upgrade for thousands of years. […]

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Traditional Chinese Roofs

Traditional Chinese architecture is not only as old as Chinese civilization with 5,000 years of history but unique in the world, particularly when the roof system is concerned, both in terms of its multi-layered dougong structure – a set of interlocking wooden brackets that supports the massive roofs – and its visual style in shape, size and colour. Below is a brief introduction […]

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A Brief Introduction to Ancient Chinese Military Weapons

There were hundreds different types of cold weapons in ancient Chinese battlefields, with the most commonly used including bow (弓), crossbow (弩), sword (剑), broad knife (刀), spear (矛), speargun (枪), cugel (棍), battleaxe (斧), battle spade (钺), halberd (戟), lance (殳), whip (鞭), blunt sword (锏), hammer (锤), fork (叉), plow (钯), dagger (戈) and shield (盾) – known as tools for […]

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Chinese Garden Pavilions

Traditional Chinese pavilion is normally a covered small structure with little or no wall. These open structures were initially erected at roadside in the Warring States era more than 2,200 years ago as shelters for soldiers. After China was reunited under the Qin, a unified postal system was established, and roadside pavilions were used for the government postmen on horseback to […]

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Advanced drainage System in the Ancient Beijing

The flood problem in Beijing, Chinese capital situated away from coast and major rivers, becomes more severe in the recent decades. The cause could be multifactorial: The expansion of the urban footprint, the impermeable road pavement, the lack of maintenance and repair to the underground drainage infrastructure, and the damage done to the natural and manmade water system that historically served as […]

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A Brief Introduction to Ancient Chinese Cosmology

Traditional Chinese cosmological system is mainly based on the positions, relationships and movements of the sun, the moon, the five major planets in the solar system and the 28 constellations in the sky. It was established more than 2,200 years ago during the Warring States period (330 BC – 221 BC), serving the purpose of observing and monitoring the impact of climate change on […]

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