Advanced drainage System in the Ancient Beijing

The flood problem in Beijing, Chinese capital situated away from coast and major rivers, becomes more severe in the recent decades. The cause could be multifactorial: The expansion of the urban footprint, the impermeable road pavement, the lack of maintenance and repair to the underground drainage infrastructure, and the damage done to the natural and manmade water system that historically served as […]

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Chinese Business Tradition

For thousands of years, China had been a peasant society with commercial activities consciously suppressed, which shaped China’s business traditions. But it was not always the case. There was a time when China was a paradise for merchants, and the merchant paradise lasted for 600 years. It was Shang, a dynasty established in 1700BC by Chinese merchants. The Achievements of the Merchant […]

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China’s Confucius Merchants

In the Chinese business world, there is a word that used to be very popular and now starts to regain public attention. That is the word “rushing (儒商)”, meaning Confucius Merchants. Why It Is Confucius Merchant Not Confucius Entrepreneur? Some Chinese scholars prefer to translate “rushang” into English as “Confucius Entrepreneur”. This term may have a better echo to the contemporary […]

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