The Memory of June 4, 1989, by a Student on Tiananmen Square

The following is a Chinese post titled “Why None of the Student Leaders Died? (很多学生死了为何柴玲尔开希录等发起人却还活着?) “, written in 2004. The author took a hunger strike on Tiananmen Square until the last minute.

Translation and photos added by Fish. 

The so-called “pro-democracy student leaders” claimed there was a “massacre” taken place on June 4th in Beijing. The question is, if this were true, why none of the “student leaders” perished in the incident?

In the Months Leading Up to June 4

Let’s go back to 1989 when China’s economic reform came to a bottleneck with public dissatisfaction mounting as the inflation rate climbed. By then, the family members of many high officials accumulated huge profits at the public expense. Under such a climate, the student relly in the name of anti-official-corruption was swiftly responded by people in a wide community in Beijing.

But the direction of the demonstrations soon changed, and the ugly nature of the “student leaders” spoiled the whole movement.

In the first meeting between the student leaders and the Chinese authority, Premier Li Peng pledged to investigate official corruption, but Chai Lin and her team still refused to call off the hunger strike on the Tiananmen Square with the excuse that the student leaders might be prosecuted later. So in the second meeting, the premier promised that there would be no such prosecution. But Chai Lin and her team still rejected to leave the square for the reason that they did not trust the premier.

Why Chai Lin and her team appeared to be so unreasonable, determining to escalate the demonstration into a full-scale confrontation with the Chinese government? The answer: they were urged to stick it out by the forces behind them from outside the mainland of China, in particular, a British backed pro-colonial organisation called Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Democratic Movements in China.

Hong Kong Alliance found its way into the student leadership right from the beginning and provided 90 per cent of the supporting fund, and purchased a large number of tents to encourage the students from non-local universities to turn the Tiananmen Square into a camping site. The representatives of the Alliance in Beijing worked as the top consultants for Chai Lin and other student leaders and successfully used the demonstration as blackmail against Chinese authority, aiming at promoting blood confrontation, ideally, with the high death toll. Its goal was to provoke a feeling of horror among the residents in Hong Kong regarding the return of the island to China and to incite the international community to demand the Chinese government to allow the island to remain as a British colony.

1989年,中国的经济改革正面临物价改革的瓶颈口,通货膨胀,物价上涨很快,老百姓情绪不满,而在这同时,许多高干子弟利用经济改革的机会,搞官倒,很快就把国家和人民的财富聚集在他们手中,这更加激起老百姓对政府的不满。所以当柴玲和王丹为首的学生,在天安门广场绝食反对贪污,反对官倒时,很快得到北京市民的支持。

但是在后来运动就逐渐的变了性,柴玲,吾尔开希与李录的人性的阴暗和丑陋的一面也逐渐暴露出来。在第一次与当时的李鹏总理谈判时,李鹏答应政府调查官倒和贪污。但是以柴玲为首的学生代表拒绝撤出天安门。柴玲说: 撤出天安门广场后,李鹏会对学生代表秋后算帐。在第二次与当时的李鹏总理谈判时,学生代表增加了不许对学生秋后算帐的条件,李鹏也答应了。但是以柴玲为首的学生代表仍然拒绝撤出天安门广场。柴玲说我们不相信李鹏。

香港支联会从这场运动一开始就介入了。学生募捐的钱90%来自香港支联会。香港支联会驻京代表成了学生领袖的参谋。北京学生运动已经完全变成港支联向北京政权发难的工具。港支联就是要制造北京的流血与死亡,用北京的流血与死亡来引起香港居民对97回归的恐怖感,甚至想借此让国际社会阻止中国收回香港。港支联首先买了很多帐篷,让学生晚上睡好觉,白天也好休息,这就留住了大批外地学生。外地学生主要来自辽宁和天津的高校。此外还发钱下去给各校代表去买吃的。

In the Days Leading Up to June 4

After martial law was declared, there was a debate among the students, and eventually, a decision to end the hunger strike and leave the premises was made. But the decision and the other similar pleas were all rejected by Chai Lin and her supporters in the leadership. Was she determined to die a martyr or she had lost her sanity that made her gamble with the lives of the thousands of students?

The following is the part of the conversation during an interview with Chai Lin by American television news shortly after the martial law was declared, and the whole interview was aired on June 7, 1989:

The U.S. journalist: Do you understand what kind of risk you are facing by keeping staying on the Tiananmen Square?

Chai Ling: Yes, we understand we’re facing a big risk; and I feel sad that the young students may have to die for the course. (Sobbing and weeping)

The U.S. journalist: Are you ready to die then?

China Ling: (Weeping and sobbing) No! (Sobbing more and weeping again) I want to live, I’m still young.

This conversation shows clearly Chai Lin and her team knew it all along that their reckless action was going to lead to a scenario in which the event would end up in bloodshed.

On June 1 and 2, the “leadership” began to arrange student groups to act as human blockages at various intersections to prevent military troops from entering the square to enforce the martial law.

At a secret meeting held on the midnight of June 2nd, a student leader proclaimed: “According to credible information we received, the troop will enter the square to enforce the curfew, and there will be bloodshed and lives lost. The movement had failed, and now what we need is not a reform but a revolution. We have to bring down the current government and the whole institutional system in China.”

They then distributed donated cash among themselves and discussed the details of a pre-arranged escape path. One of the student leaders felt bad about that and suggested they should advise the students to leave the square as well. His suggestion was harshly turned down by the team: No way, if everyone has left the square, we won’t be able to go without being noticed. Chai Lin further added: “Only by saving us the democracy movement in China can be saved.”

At 3 am of June 3 when thousands of students on hunger strike were fast asleep in their tents, Chai Lin and other student leaders sneaked out of the square and then out of China, under the direct assistance of Hong Kong Alliance, heading for the land of the United States, and then lied (and are still lying) to the world that thousands of students died on the square. It is their great hope anyway. The more students died, the stronger condemnations Chinese government would receive, and the better position they could gain for themselves in the West.

如果说柴玲,吾尔开希,李录推翻了全体学生撤出天安门广场的决定是寄期望于万里取消戒严法,那么为什么在万里声明支持戒严法后还坚持留在广场上呢?难道他们不怕死吗?柴玲在64前的一次美国电视新闻的采访节目中有非常精彩的表现。我们看到节目播出是在大约89年6月7日左右。节目是专题介绍学生领袖柴玲的。其中有一段对话如下:

美国记者问:现在已经戒严了,你们继续留在天安门广场上有没有危险呢?

柴玲答:是的。我们有很大的危险。我很难过,我们的这些年青的学生们可能会为这场运动流血死去。

说到这里。柴玲居然哭了起来。

美国记者又问:那么你想不想死呢?

柴玲一边哭一边答:不!我要话,我还很年轻。

这段对话说明了两个事实:1, 在万里发表了支持戒严法的声明后,高自联的头头柴玲,吾尔开希,李录清清楚楚知道继续留在天安门广场上学生们可能会流血死去。 2, 柴玲不想死的。看来吾尔开希,李录也是不想死的。

6月1日和2日,柴玲,吾尔开希,李录等64头头对如何阻止戒严部队进入天安门广场作了严密布置, 还指定专人负责把守一些街口。89年6月2日深晚到3日凌晨,北京高自联开了最后的常委会。会上由吾尔开希重点发言。吾尔开希对大家说:”根据可靠情报,明天戒严部队要进行武装清场,一定会流血死人的。” 吾尔开希又说: “这次运动已经失败。看来我们需要的不是一场改革,我们需要的是一场革命,一场体制外的革命。我们今后所要作的是打倒共产党的体制。” 柴玲,李录也作了慷慨的发言。

李禄接下来宣布高自联指挥部成员立即撤出天安门广场, 再一次发了逃命钱。逃亡的方向是美国。吾尔开希对逃亡路径及联络方法作了细述: 先南下广州,然后由港支联接应。于是在6月3日凌晨三点左右,柴玲和大部分高自联指挥部成员乘着天安门广场上的学生正在睡梦之时,偷偷地撤离广场,走上逃亡美国的不归路。一个姓郭的头头在临跑前,突然良心发现。他说:“学生都没撤,我们指挥部提前撤对吗?是不是可以叫学生们也一起撤?” 李禄说: “不行!叫学生们也一起撤我们就撤不了。” 柴玲说:“我们提前撤是为了保护火种。” 于是这最后的良心也被狗吃了。

这时港支联的阴谋就完全清楚了: 先由柴玲,吾尔开希,李录等人用豪言壮语把上千的学生骗在天安门广场,然后在武装清场之前,柴玲,吾尔开希,李录等人再来个金蝉脱壳之计,逃之夭夭,使上千的学生陷入生死的困境。他们已经宣誓要打倒共产党, 所以广场上学生死得越多,对共产党的打击越大,他们逃亡美国的本钱业越多。

On the Eve and the Day of June 4

Ever since the noon of June 3, the radio and television stations in Beijing began to broadcast the warning from the authority, reminding the public that the Tiananmen Square is under curfew and urging people to leave and stay away from the premises. By the afternoon, the military force that was deployed to impose martial law started to move towards the square but the advance was violently obstructed by a large number of students and citizens. Most deaths in the whole incident occurred during the open confrontation at this stage.

The citizens and students had no fear of the PLA, China’s military force, and climbed onto the tanks to challenge the curfew.  

No one knew when and what caused the first death. There are many versions of the event, but all acknowledged that at the moment the mob pounced on the soldier, the latter who was armed with machine gun did not open fire; and if he did, none of the attackers would have survived. But he opted not to, and consequently, he paid the price with his young life. The question is why he didn’t open the fire – clearly, he was so ordered. [A similar situation reoccurred during Tibetan Lamas’ Lhasa Riot 19 years later in 2008, sadly – Fish]. It is obvious that the troops initially hoped they could use their own bodies to force their way to the curfew site.

Mobs among citizens and students set fire on PLA’s armoured vehicles 

Three PLA soldiers were bashed to death by mobs among the citizens and the students

However, after soldiers were brutally killed by the mobs in the process, the authority realised that the job could not be done without force, thus the troops were given the power to open fire when necessary. One hour after the death of the first soldier, the armoured vehicles arrived at Muxidi and encountered blockages placed by the crowd. When the convoy’s request to remove the blockages met violent objections, the military force opened the fire, not at the crowd but the blockages, which unfortunately still caused injuries to a few students and residents who were then immediately sent to hospitals.

The 600-year-old China capital was on fire 

The news that the law-enforcement troops opened fire at the crowd quickly spread around and was received with shock by the students on the Tiananmen Square, who at once flocked to seek instructions from Chai Lin and her team, but only found they were all vanished without a trace.

The fact that the “student leaders” deserted the students they were supposed to lead immediately sent the crowd into chaos. Out of despair, they turned to a Taiwan rock star surnamed Hou for help. Hou thus became the new leader of the crowd and later declared that no one ever died in the square during the whole incident.

中午12点,北京电台与电视台开始不停顿的广播戒严指挥部的通告。吾尔开希和李录也迅速地撤离了广场。下午,戒严部队开始向天安门广场推进,一些学生与市民拼死阻止部队推进,一场流血拼搏开始了。虽然高自联指挥部的头头全跑了, 但是负责阻止部队推进的学生们并不知道,他们还在忠实地执行头头的命令。大部分64死亡学生是担任阻止部队推进任务的。

谁也不知道第一个死去的学生是怎么死的?谁也不知道第一个被学生和市民打死的士兵是怎么死的?有很多种说法。其中有一个说法似乎比较象真的。故事说:正当学生与戒严部队士兵僵持时,突然响起了一下枪声, 于是群众叫了起来: “解放军打死人了!解放军打死人了!” 接着十几个身强力壮的男人向士兵猛扑了过去,抓住了士兵们的冲锋枪。士兵们吓得丢下枪跑了。但是有一个士兵却给市民打死了, 脑袋被砸碎了。还有其它很多版本的故事。但是所有的故事有个共同点:当市民扑向那个被打死的士兵时,他没有用手里的冲锋枪扫射扑向他的市民。如果他扫了,那些扑向他的市民个个都得被打死,他就会活下来。为什么他不开枪呢?一是恐怕他不忍向老百姓开枪,刚才那一枪也不是他打的,二是恐怕他没有收到开枪的命令。很多研究64历史的文献都指出,戒严指挥部一开始在使用武力这一点上是很犹豫的。士兵在向天安门推进时,主要是用士兵的躯体,枪虽带着,但是并没有使用。所以几个小时也无法打开通道。

在戒严士兵被打死了一个小时以后,戒严指挥部显然下达了开枪的命令。一批戒严士兵又来到木樨地,他们命令学生与市民撤除路障,但是学生与市民拒绝服从。于是士兵就向路障开枪。有几个学生与市民立即倒下,被别人马上送去医院,路障就打开了。士兵被打死和戒严士兵用冲锋枪开路打死学生的的消息很快传遍天安门 广场。当学生要向柴总指挥请示怎么办时,发现总指挥部是空的。总指挥部外面聚集了许多学生, 有个外地学生头头说他找了一个下午也没找到一个高自联头头。高自联头头丢下学生先逃跑的消息使天安门广场上的学生们陷入一片混乱。大家都不知道怎么办, 于是就去问候德建。

As all student leaders including Chai Lin (柴玲) and Wang Dan (王丹) deserted their followers who were tricked into staying in the square to cover their tracks, a rock star from Taiwan stood out to urge the students not to defy the law-enforcement authority, on the contrary to what the student leaders repeated advocated previously. Although a few extremists still called on a violent confrontation, the vast majority of students chose to follow rock star’s advice. By the time the troops entered the premises, all sat down on the ground quietly.

The PLA soldiers entered the square to enforce the curfew on June 4

When the soldiers seized us, I was scared to death. Then I heard a voice shouting out his order and discerned the sound of the soldiers raising their machine guns, which was followed by ear-deafening gunshots. I promptly lied on my stomach and cried inwardly: “Please don’t shoot me!”

After the square quieted down again, I realised I was still alive. Looking around, I found no one near me was killed either. When I spotted the soldiers in the front line ginning at us, I knew they had no intention to hurt us but just tried to scare us into submission. At that moment I had only one thought: go home!

Soon after, a loudspeaker ordered the student leaders to stand out, and repeatedly called the names of Chai Lin (柴玲), Wang Dan (王丹) and others, but none of them showed up. Finally, it was the rock star who walked towards the vehicle of the military commander. After another while, the loudspeaker sounded again, asking all the students to leave the square from the southeast direction.

In the beginning, the withdrawal went rather orderly, but quickly the procession descended into chaos as everyone tried to get out of the square as soon as possible. The huge crowd pushed and shoved each other, and many lost their shoes but dared not to bend over to search in fear of being stepped to death by crowd surging from behind.

Such was the last scene of the so-called Tiananmen Movement.

You may wonder if anyone was killed by the troops in the square. Well, according to the rock star from Taiwan, there was none; and according to the students at the time in the premises, like me, there was none. Soldiers fired into the air. However, as the troops somehow used expending bullets, and when they fired shots into the sky, some bullets hit the Monument of People’s Heroes, and then bounced back and injured some students around. One of them had his leg wounded and become crippled for life.

Chai Lin made a bold claim in America that the blood in the square flew like streams on June 4. That is incredible! You’d run away from the premises long before that crucial moment, how did you know that? You and your team along with the Hong Kong Alliance had crafted a delicate death-trap, pity we did not jump into it. You refused to let us leave the square, and urged the students to use their bodies to block the advance of the armoured vehicles while you secretly fled the scene. Had not because of your instigation, there would be no road blockages installed and no violent clashes between the civilians and troops. Do you really think your life is much more valuable than that of thousands of innocent students?

Those who died on June 4th 1989 might think they were fighting against the official corruption and for “democracy”, but actually driven to death by Chai Lin, her team and the Hong Kong Alliance. Sooner or later these people will need to pay for the crimes they committed to the Chinese who died in the incident, and to the nation they betrayed. Such a day will come!!!

候德建就这样当上了天安门广场学生运动最后的临时总指挥。候德建说, 现在天安门已经被包围了,逃是无法逃了。我提三点建议:1, 大家不要走动,统统坐下; 2, 大家不要讲话,更不能喊口号; 3, 大家千万不要向士兵扔东西。虽然有人说这是投降,但是候德建的三不主义还是为天安门广场的多数学生所接受。天安门广场上的学生运动最终恢复了理性。等戒严部队开进天安门广场,只见上千学生黑压压一片坐在地上(往往几百人一片),没有一点走动,也没有一点声音。

当士兵拿了冲锋枪把我们包围时,我怕死了。后来我听到预备的命令。我面前的士兵都把枪举了起来。接下来就听到震耳欲聋的枪声。我就马上趴在地上, 心里直叫唤 “不要打我!不要打我!”

等枪声停了下来,我知道我还活着。看看旁边的女学生,后面的男生们也个个活着。 再看看前面的戒严士兵,有几个竞然咧着嘴笑。我这才知道戒严部队是开枪吓我们的。我心里只有一个念头:回家去!

过了一会儿,戒严指挥车的喇叭叫高自联的头头走出来,连续叫了几个人的名字,包括柴玲王丹刘刚等人。没有人走出来。再过了一会儿,有一个人向戒严指挥车走去,一边走,一边叫:“我是候德建!” 再过了一会儿,戒严车喇叭又叫了:“凡是能走动的学生排好队,从东南方向撤出天安门广场。”

起先秩序还可以,但是很快由于大家要抢先撤出,队伍就混乱了一片乱糟糟,争先抢后,许多人的鞋子也挤丢了,也不敢拣,怕被后面拥上来的人踩死。

这就是天安门运动的最后一幕。

戒严部队在天安门广场清场时有没有打死学生呢?候德建说没有。很多在场的学生说也没有。但是伤是有的。特别是纪念碑旁边的学生。这是由于部队用了开花子弹,子弹打在纪念碑上,散成小的细粒,又打在学生的身上,有人的腿就给弹粒打跛了。但是当时戒严部队的确是朝天开枪。

柴玲在美国说天安门广场血流成河。你早就逃走了,你怎么知道血流成河的?你们与港支联精心设计了一个可能会血流成河的死亡陷井,但是它被候德建的三不主义破解了。当你柴玲在3日凌晨三点逃离广场时,你不是拒绝叫学生撤出吗?那时要是学生们撤出了广场,路障也不需要了,守卫路障的几百市民也不会死了。什么叫保护火种?你的命比这上千的学生的命还重要吗?

六四死亡的学生与市民是要反贪污,要反官倒,要民主的, 但是他们被愚弄了,被欺骗了,被诱进了一个死亡的陷井。柴玲,吾尔开希,李录,港支联,你们有什么资格纪念六四十五周年?你们的手上就有六四死亡的学生与市民的血。你们将被永远钉上历史的耻辱碑。你们的账迟早要算的!

You are most welcome to leave your comments below