China’s Unique Jade Culture
A 400-Year-Old Jade Cup
A exquisitely carved jade cup was produced in the late Ming Dynasty.
An 800-Year-Old Banana Leaf-Shaped Plate
The highly transparent jade plate measuring 18.7cm long with gilt edge is made out of a single piece of crystal quartz and was unearthed in 2008 from an underground storage at a North Sound Buddhist temple in Nanjing.
COMMENTS FROM GOOGLE PLUS
Mile HsiangYang Lee:
800 Years Old? 😮 Did Humans have The TECHNOLOGY That Back? 😮
All Things Chinese:
Of course. I posted a Chinese wine cup made of a single crystal 2,500 years ago during Warring States Era.
Mile HsiangYang Lee:
Yes. You Did. And I’ve Seen That. But What was THAT TECHNOLOGY Used? 😮😮😮😮😮
All Things Chinese:
It shall involve with arc grinding and polishing technology.
The key of grinding and polishing machine is the quality of stone roller which mainly depends on its material.
According to the Mohs scale, crystal’s hardness is about 7, while diamond is 10.
A More Than 1,000-Year-Old Liuli Cup
This Tang Dynasty relic was discovered from an underground storage of Buddhist temple Gate to Markic Laws (famen si) in the 1980s.
Liuli is a glass containing 18%~24% of lead, which increases the toughness of the material and allows for various colour tone.
A 1,000-Year-Old Jade Statue
China historically has four major locations with rich reserve of high quality jade, which are Xinjiang in northwest for Hetian Jade, Shaanxi in central north for Dushan Jade, Liaoning in northeast for Youyan Jade and Hubei in central south for Green Jade.
A jade of this size is very unusual that is why Chinese would build a temple to house it with the name of the temple after the jade statue.
A 2,000-Year-Old Jade Suit
This jade suit, made in Han Dynasty (206BC – 220AD), is stitched with copper threads with the stitching holes just being 1mm in diameter.
According to the ancient documents (Book of Late Han), during Han era, jade burial outfits for the emperors would be sewed by gold threads, while other royal family members would have the jade clothes put together with silver or copper threads.
This copper thread jade suit was discovered and unearthed in a stadium construction site n 2004, with total of 2,257 jade pieces collected. It took two months for the relic restoring specialists to resemble the garment for public display.
A 2,500-Year-Old Jade Relief
Unearthed from a tomb in Zhejiang, this decorative piece of jade was produced during Spring and Autumn Era when Confucius and Lao Tzu lived.
Measuring 7.1cm long, 7.5cm wide and 0.2cm thick, it has dragon pattern all over with two little holes at the top and the bottom.
A 2,500-year Old Crystal Cup
Don’t get it wrong. It’s not your everyday glass cup but a cup made of crystal during China’s warring states period (475BC-221BC), when King of Wu’s consultant Sun Tzu in Suzhou wrote the Art of War, and King of Yue in Shaoxing crafted the Swords of Goujian, one with metal and one with jade.
This crystal cup is 154mm in height, with the lip of the cup measuring 78mm in diameter, and the cup’s bottom 54mm in diameter.
The cup was unearthed in 1990 from Hangzhou, near the site of the Yue Kingdom
A 3,000-Year-Old Jade Deer
A deer carved with one piece of jade, unearthed from a tomb dating back to West Zhou Dynasty (1122 BC – 1046 BC).
A 5,000-Year-Old Short Sword Made with Green Jade
The artefact was unearthed from an ancient tomb dating back to Liangzhu Culture era (3400 BC – 2250 BC), the earliest cradle of Chinese civilisation located in Yangtze Delta region around Taihu Lake centred with Hangzhou, Shanghai, Suzhou and Changzhou.
Archaeological evidence confirms during that period Chinese had already developed advanced technologies in paddy rice cultivation, irrigation system, classic city structure and flood prevention mechanism, with the main industrial products including silk, jade, ivory and lacquer.
8,000-Year-Old Jade Jewelries
Jade culture based on a well developed precision craft technology is a distinctive traditional Chinese culture, while the discovery of archaeological site of Xinglongwa Cultural, dating back to 8,000 years ago during the so-called Neolithic Age, is a further proof that the vast land beyond China’s Great Wall was inhabited by ethnic Chinese until around 2.500 years ago when nomadic tribes including Huns and Mongols from further north pressed southwards and turned farms and workshops into grazing lands for their cattle.